Despeñaperros Natural Park

Year: 2006 – 2007

Environmental impact Study and construction project drafting

Environmental Impact Study and mitigation measures design of the construction project drafting.

The exceptional historical, geomorphological and ecological characteristics in Despeñaperros, together with its location among two different territorial units, make it an interesting study case in the field of ecological connectivity. Despeñaperros is a gorge carved by Despeñaperros River, it is located in the province of Jaen and it is a historical strategic transit place between Central Iberian and Andalusia since Neolithic.

Despeñaperros Natural Park is the smallest natural park of Andalusia (slightly higher than 7500 hectares) but their singularities make it worthy of protection and it is also part of the ecological Natura 2000 network. The most emblematic animal species of the Iberian Peninsula Among are present in the study area: Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), Iberian wolf (Canis lupus) and Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti).

Proposed measures for environmental impact mitigation included a program to reduce non-natural mortality of Iberian lynx, including issues such as:

1 Wells’ arrangement to prevent accidents by entry of predators

2 Assessment of risk sections for animals’ access into the highway

3 Assessment of secondary-road sections for animal casualties

4 Design and implementation of signals, speed reduction elements, reflective mirrors, perimeter clearing, soundtracks, etc.

5 Hotspots monitoring